Glaucoma can be treated through the use of eye drops, laser surgery, and traditional eye surgery. The goal of all these treatments is to prevent further damage from glaucoma since harm already done is irreversible and can lead to vision loss.

Here is how each treatment method works:

Eye drops

Your ophthalmologist may recommend the use of eye drops to treat your condition depending on their findings. These eye drops are approved for use every day to reduce eye pressure either by lowering the number of aqueous fluids that your eyes make or by helping fluids flow better through the drainage angle. The eye drops may have side effects such as itching sensations, red eyes, and blurred vision among others.

Laser Eye surgery

Laser eye surgery has gained tremendous popularity as a treatment method for many eye problems including restoration of 20/20 vision and treatment of glaucoma because it’s painless, less intrusive and fast. There are two main types of laser surgery to treat glaucoma namely Trabeculoplasty and Iridotomy. Trabeculoplasty is done on patients with open-angle glaucoma, and a surgeon uses a laser to correct the drainage angle to make it work better.

Traditional surgery

With traditional surgery in the operating room, eye doctors use physical tools to create a new drainage channel in the eye for the aqueous humor to exit. Two main ways in which this may be done include the use of glaucoma drainage devices or through the Trabeculectomy procedure. With Trabeculectomy, the surgeon creates a tiny flap in the white part of your eye so that the aqueous humor can drain out and be absorbed by the surrounding tissue, hence reducing eye pressure.